Glossary – D
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A bead which hangs from a clasp or bead attached directly to a chain.
Any earrings that hang below the earlobe. Also called a drop earring.
A type of clasp, usually double hinged, that will open and unfold allowing extra room to put on or remove a bracelet or watch. It locks in place with a small hook type latch.
The height of a diamond measured from the culet to the table.
Diamond (April Birthstone)
The hardest natural substance found on earth. A precious gemstone composed of crystals of pure carbon that have been subjected to tremendous pressure and heat. Birthstone for April.
Small and simple diamonds usually used to compliment a piece of jewelry.
Cut made with facets, similar to a diamond.
Dichroic Glass Beads
Usually has two main colors, however these glass beads can showcase many colors when viewed at different angles.
Occurs when a die is used to press an image into a softer metal such as brass or gold.
The amount of “dispersion” in a gemstone is meant to provide a relative comparison as to how much spectral colors are visible under certain conditions. The presence of visible spectral colors in the gemstone is commonly known as the “fire” of the gemstone. Dispersion is a scientific comparison between the Refractive Indexes of two different wavelengths of light passing through the same material. How much “fire” the gemstone has is based on many different factors, including the refractive index of the material, the gemstone’s facet angles, the quality of the gemstone’s polish, the lighting used in the test and other factors. Gemstones with higher dispersion values are known to have more “fire”.
A clasp type simialr to a box catch, but the piece of metal that slides into the box must be pinched to fit.
Drop and Dangle Earrings
Drop and dangle earrings are similar in that they both hang beneath the earlobe. While dangle earrings will sway with movement, drop earrings are usually stationary.
Any earring that hangs below the earlobe. Also called a dangle earring.