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Glossary – P

Glossary – P

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  • Palladium

    A rare silvery-white metal resembling platinum.

  • Panther Chain

    Flat, solid links arranged in an offset brick pattern.

  • Paparadscha

    A pinkish-orange to orange-pink color variety of Sapphire. The name is Sinhalese for “Lotus Flower”.

  • Pavè

    Arrangement of diamonds uniformly and tightly packed.

  • Pavilion

    The bottom portion of a diamond.

  • Pear

    Pear or tear drop shaped.

  • Pear Shortener

    A clip used to shorten the length of a pearl necklace.

  • Pearl (June Birthstone)

    A natural gemstone formed when a oyster is irritated by a substance that gets into its shell. If the irritation is a naturally occurring grain of sand, it is an Oriental pearl. If it is produced by purposefully inserting a mother-of-pearl bead, a cultured pearl is formed. A pearl that forms attached to the shell is a blister pearl, while a pearl that forms a half dome is a mabe (pronounced mah-bay) pearl. Pearls that are irregularly shaped rather than round are referred to as baroque. Birthstone for June.

  • Pearl Clasp

    Typically used for single or multi-strand pearls or beads, can be a variety of styles that complement the piece.

  • Pearl Size

    The diameter of a pearl.

  • Pearl Spacer

    Holds the strands of pearls an equal distance apart from each other all the way around the bracelet or necklace, so the pearl strands don’t overlap and stay in more of a uniform row.

  • Peg set

    A peg often set into a metal cup or hemisphere, which fits into a hole drilled into a pearl.

  • Pendant

    An ornament suspended from a single chain.

  • Peridot (August Birthstone)

    The birthstone for August. It is a transparent gem, green in color.

  • Personalized Custom Choice Fonts & Images

  • Pierced Earrings

    Have a wire or post that is inserted through an ear lobe that has been pierced.

  • Pin Stem

    Used to fasten jewelry on clothing.

  • Pink Sapphire

    Pink sapphire can range in color from a delicate pink without any overtones, to pink with a slight violet tinge and more valuable than the other colors of fancy sapphire, such as yellow, green and violet.

  • Pink Tourmaline

    Tourmaline exists in all spectrums of color, the most common being green, pink and yellow. It is an alternate birthstone for October.

  • Pisces

    “The Fish”

    Astrological sign for February 20th through March 20th. 

    Astrological element: Water

  • Plated

    To cover a metal object with a thin coating or film of a different metal.

  • Platinum

    One of the rarest elements in the Earth’s crust. It is used in catalytic converters, laboratory equipment, electrical contacts and electrodes, platinum resistance thermometers, dentistry equipment, and jewelry.

  • Pocket Watch

    A pocket watch is a watch that is made to be carried in a pocket rather than worn on the wrist.  Pocket watches are normally attached to a chain allowing them to be secured to a lapel or belt loop.  Pocket watches may also be attached to a short leather strap or fob, when a longer chain would be too cumbersome.

  • Point(pt)

    The unit of weight for gemstones equal to one-hundredth of a carat. 100 points=1 carat.

  • Polished Finish

    A shiny, high-gloss finish attained by machine-grinding and buffing the stone or metal.

  • Post

    A small pin-like finding that attaches to an earring. It passes through the pierced earlobe to be held on by an earring back.

  • Post & Push Back

    A method of fastening earrings in which the stud of the earring passes through the earlobe and into a small metal post.

  • Precious Stones

    Rare gems such as diamonds, emeralds, rubies, and sapphires.

  • Princess Cut

    Is the second most popular cut shape for diamonds, next to a round brilliant. The face-up shape of the princess cut is square or rectangular and the profile or side-on shape is similar to that of an inverted pyramid with four beveled sides.

  • Promise Ring

    Also known as a pre-engagement ring, usually with a relatively small stone. Promise rings have been gaining popularity in recent years and are being given by many young couples as tokens of affection.

  • Prong

    One of several claw-like wires used to hold a gem in place.

  • Prong Set

    Refers to the use of metal projections or tines, called prongs, to secure a gemstone to a piece of jewelry.

  • Push Clasp

    A simple button-type fastener that holds securely and is often adjustable.

  • PVD Plating

    PVD stands for Physical Vapor Deposition which is a variety of vacuum deposition and is a method of depositing films by the condensation of a vaporized form onto the jewelry.  Just like IP-plating it will exhibit signs of wear and tear at some point, it will scratch if exposed to sharp objects or rough surfaces.

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