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Glossary – S

Glossary – S

A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   X   Y   Z  

  • S Clasp

    S-shaped piece of metal which is attached to one end of a necklace or bracelet and hooks into a hole at other end of the necklace or bracelet.

  • Sagittarius

    “The Archer”

    Astrological sign for November 23rd through December 21st. 

    Astrological element: Fire

  • San Marco Chain

    Elongated, rounded, flat-backed links laid out next to each other at a forty-five-degree angle and attached to each other by flat pins at opposing angles.  Available in a variety of high polish and diamond cut textures.

  • Sapphire (September Birthstone)

    The birthstone for September. Gem variety of the mineral corundum. Commonly seen in blue. Sapphires are available in every color but red, simply because a red sapphire would be called a ruby.

  • Sardonyx

    A variety of chalcedony characterized by straight parallel bands of dark brown, brownish orange or brownish red alternating with either black or white.

  • Satin Finish

    A satin finish offers a softer luster than that of a bright finish.

  • Scalloped

    An edge design consisting of a series of curves.

  • Scorpio

    “The Scorpion”

    Astrological sign for October 24th through November 22nd. 

    Astrological element: Water

  • Screw Back

    An earring backing that secures the earring to the ear lobe, with a disk that screws onto the earring post.

  • Screw Wire

    A component for non-pierced ears where an earring can be soldered on the front.  

  • Script Font

  • Security Chains

    Each end used as a fastener to stabilize multiple bracelets

  • Semi-precious Stones

    Traditionally, all stones used in jewelry other than diamond, ruby, sapphire and emerald (known collectively as precious stones). The term does not necessarily reflect the stone’s value and most jewelers prefer the term gemstones instead.

  • Serpentine

    Sometimes referred to as ‘green granite’ but is slightly different and is a softer stone. 

  • Setting

    The entire ring, usually not including the stone.

  • Shank

    The part of the ring to which the setting is attached.

  • Shape

    The result of the cutting style of the diamond.

  • Shell Pearl

    Extraordinarily durable imitation pearls meticulously assembled of raw shell material. Raw materials are mechanically and manually shaped, baked and polished. Their high quality is worthy of hand knotting and finishing with rhodium plated sterling silver findings. Inquire about Quality Gold’s Majestik collection and versatile brand display.

  • Shoulder

    The part of the ring that extends from the shank to the center of the setting.

  • Shoulders

    The top two sides of a ring where the gem is set.

  • Silver

    A white ductile metallic chemical element used for coins, jewelry and table utensils.

  • Singapore Chain

    Flat, thin, diamond-cut chain links are interwoven for a diamond shaped link.  These links are twisted and flattened to form the chain.  The twisted chain reflects light from all different angles making it sparkle.  Also known as Sparkling Singapore and Twisted Curb.

  • Sister Clasp

    A rectangular clasp with two overlapping hooks that open in different directions.

  • Smokey Quartz

    A semiprecious variety of quartz ranging in color from light grayish-brown to nearly black.

  • Snake Chain

    Round metal plates or bands with a slight curve are tightly joined together forming a continuous tube that is flexible.  The tight weave has a zig zag effect resembling snake skin in either round or square style and available with diamond cut texture.

  • Snap Bar Closures

    A hinged bar that lifts up and down in order to secure or release an earring.

  • Sodalite

    Sodalite is a rich royal blue mineral widely enjoyed as an ornamental gemstone. 

  • Solid Back Ring

    A ring where the entire back (inside) of the ring is filled with metal.

  • Solitaire

    A single stone set alone.

  • South Sea Pearls

    Australia, Indonesia, and the Philippines are leading sources of these saltwater cultured pearls. They are typically 8 to 20 mm, high quality and have white or pale body color.

  • Spacer Bead

    A bead used to seperate the feature charms.

  • Spacer Beads

    Created to separate additional beads on a bracelet.

  • Specific Gravity

    The weight of a material is a result of its density; how much mass it has in a defined space (volume). Those materials that are denser weigh more than other materials that occupy the same volume. “Specific Gravity” is a comparison of a material’s weight compared to the weight of the same volume of water. When comparing gemstones, those with higher specific gravity values will weigh more per volume than those with lower specific gravities. So a 2mm gemstone of one material that has a specific gravity of 4.3 will weigh more than an equally-sized 2mm gemstone with a specific gravity of 3.5.

  • Spiga Chain

    Made with small figure-eight shaped links that all point in the same direction forming a 3-D chain that has a square appearance.  Available in numerous millimeter sizes and diamond cut styles.  Also known as Espiga Chain and Wheat Chain.

  • Sports 1

  • Sports 2

  • Spring Ring

    Spring loaded lever that can be pulled back to insert jewelry, then released to become secure again.

  • Springlock

    A circular clasp with a spring equipped insert that can be retracted to insert or remove the ring on the other end of the chain.  This lightweight clasp primarily secures light pendant chains.

  • Square Cut

    Similar to an emerald cut. A cut in which the stone is square, bordered by four long narrow facets.

  • St. Andrew

    Patronage: Fisherman, Russia, Greece, Scotland.

    According to New Testament accounts, Saint Andrew was a Christian Apostle and the brother of Saint Peter. Andrew is the patron saint of several countries and cities.

  • St. Anne

    Patronage: Grandparents, Mothers, Pregnancy, Carpenters.

    According to Christian and Islamic tradition, Saint Anne was the mother of the Virgin Mary and the grandmother of Jesus Christ.

  • St. Anthony

    Patronage: Lost items, Poor, Travelers. 

    Saint Anthony of Padua was a Portuguese Catholic priest and a friar of the Franciscan Order. Noted by his contemporaries for his forceful preaching and expert knowledge of scripture, he was the second-most-quickly canonized saint after Peter of Verona. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church on 16 January 1946. He is also the patron saint of finding things or lost people.

  • St. Barbara

    Patronage: Amourers, Artillerymen, Mathematicians, Miners, Prisoners.

    Saint Barbara is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers. Her association with the lightning that killed her father has caused her to be invoked against lightning and fire; by association with explosions, she is also the patron of artillery and mining. 

  • St. Benedict

    Patronage: Europe, Kidney Disease, Poison, School Children, Students.

    Benedict is a Christian saint, honoured by the Catholic Church and the Anglican Church as the patron saint of Europe and students.

  • St. Christopher

    Patronage: Athletes, Bachelors, Storms, Transportation, Travel,Toothache.

    His most famous legend is when he carried a child, who was unknown to him, across a river before the child revealed himself as Christ. Therefore he is the patron saint of travelers, and small images of him are often worn around the neck, on a bracelet, carried in a pocket, or placed in vehicles by Christians.

  • St. Florian

    Patronage: Chimneysweeps, Firefighters, Soapmakers.

    St. Florian joined the Roman army and advanced in the ranks, rising to commander of the imperial army in the Roman province of Noricum. In addition to his military duties, he was also responsible for organizing firefighting brigades. Florian organized and trained an elite group of soldiers whose sole duty was to fight fires.

  • St. Francis of Assisi

    Patronage: Animals, Ecology, Merchants.  

    St. Francis is known as the patron saint of animals and the environment, and is one of the two patron saints of Italy.

  • St. George

    Patronage: Farmers, Georgia, Military, many additional patronages throughout the world.  

    Saint George is one of the most venerated saints in the Catholic Church and is regarded as one of the most prominent military saints.

  • St. Gerard

    Patronage: Children, Expectant Mothers, Falsely Accused People, Good Confessions.

    Gerard Majella is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church. His intercession is sought for children, unborn children, women in childbirth, mothers, expectant mothers, motherhood, falsely accused people, good confessions, lay brothers and Muro Lucano, Italy.

  • St. John the Baptist

    Patronage: The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, French Canada, Newfoundland and many other places.  

    John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins. Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus.

  • St. Joseph

    Patronage: Carpenters, Church, Fathers, Happy Death, Social Justice, Workers.  

    Joseph is a figure in the Gospels, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus. In Catholic and other traditions, Joseph is the patron saint of workers and has several feast days. He was also declared to be the patron saint and protector of the Catholic Church by Pope Pius IX in 1870, and is the patron of several countries and regions.

  • St. Jude

    Patronage: Armenia, Chicago Police Department, Desperate Situations, Philippines.

    According to the New Testament, Jude was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus.  In the Roman Catholic Church, he is the patron saint of desperate cases and lost causes.

  • St. Lucy

    Patronage: Blind, Epidemics, Martyrs, Throat Infections, Writers.

    She is venerated as a saint by the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and Orthodox Churches. She is one of eight women, who along with the Blessed Virgin Mary, are commemorated by name in the Canon of the Mass.

  • St. Luke

    Patronage: Artists, Physicians, Surgeons.  

    Luke the Evangelist is one of the four authors of the canonical Gospels of Jesus Christ. It is believed by many scholars that Luke was a Greek physician who authored both the Gospel according to Luke and the book of Acts of the Apostles.

  • St. Mark

    Patronage: Barristers, Egypt, Venice.  

    Mark the Evangelist is the traditionally ascribed author of the Gospel of Mark. Mark is said to have founded the Church of Alexandria.

  • St. Michael

    Patronage: Chivalry, Firefighters, Guardian of the Catholic Church, Military, Paramedics, Police Officers.

    Michael is an archangel in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Roman Catholics, the Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, and Lutherans refer to him as “Saint Michael the Archangel”.  In the New Testament Michael leads God’s armies against Satan’s forces in the Book of Revelation, where during the war in heaven he defeats Satan.

  • St. Patrick

    Patronage: Ireland, Nigeria, Paralegals.

    Patrick was known as the “Apostle of Ireland”. When he was about 16, he was captured by Irish pirates from his home in Great Britain, and taken as a slave to Ireland, looking after animals, where he lived for six years before escaping and returning to his family.

  • St. Paul

    Patronage: Gentile Christians, Missions, Theologians.

    Paul the Apostle is generally considered one of the most important figures of the Apostolic Age. He founded several churches in Asia Minor and Europe. Fourteen of the twenty-seven books in the New Testament have been traditionally attributed to Paul.

  • St. Peter

    Patronage: Churches, Institutions, Workers.

    According to New Testament accounts, Saint Peter, also known as Simon Peter, was one of twelve apostles chosen by Jesus. The Roman Catholic Church considers him to be the first Pope, ordained by Jesus.

  • Stackable Ring

    Multiple rings (two or more) which are designed to wear on the same finger.

  • Stackables Cooper Black Font

  • Stainless Steel

    Stainless Steel is a steel alloy that contains chromium and carbon. There are various grades of Stainless Steel in the marketplace. 316L Stainless Steel is the material used in Chisel jewelry. ‘L’ stands for low carbon. 316L is used to avoid corrosion problems caused by welding and does not develop surface rust. It is very fashionable in color, can be plated and is easily personalized with engraved sentiments.

  • Stamped

    The cutting or embossing a sheet of metal with a punch or a die.

  • Standard Fit

    Standard fit bands have a straight interior, and do not have the extra dome of metal provided by comfort fit wedding bands.

  • Sterling Silver

    Silver that is at least 92.5 % pure with 7.5% of another metal.

  • Straight Bar Closure

    A hinged bar that fits into a catch in order to secure a pin.

  • Straight Prong

    Prongs that rise vertically from the shoulders.

  • Stretch Bracelet

    A stretch bracelet does not have a clasp but is slipped over the wrist.  The bracelet is made of a flexible material that will allow it to expand when putting on or taking off.

  • Strip Setting

    A line of attached settings.

  • Stud Earring

    A single stone or metal ball on a straight post which lay flat against earlobe without dropping down.

  • Swarovski Crystals

    Is the brand name for a range of cut lead glass and related luxury products produced by Swarovski AG of Wattens, Austria.

  • Swivel

    Used to attach jewelry onto a chain.

  • Synthetic Gemstones

    Is a man-made material with essentially the same chemical composition, crystal structure and optical and physical properties as the natural gem material.

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